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Ancient Ships


egyptian ship sails to yemen 1500BC
Egyptian ship sails to Punt - c.1479 to 1458 BC.
Scanned from George F. Hourani, 'Arab Seafaring in the Indian Ocean in ancient and early medieval times', Princeton N.J., Princeton University Press 1951.


stone carving of ship on Borobodur temple, late 7th - early 8th centuries AD, java, indonesia
Stone carving of outrigger vessel from Borobodur temple;
late 7th - early 8th centuries AD, Java, Indonesia.
Photo: Michael J Lowe


roman ship trading with egypt 100-200AD
Roman ship trading with Egypt 100-200AD
Scanned from George F. Hourani, 'Arab Seafaring in the Indian Ocean in ancient and early medieval times', Princeton N.J., Princeton University Press 1951.


Western Indian ship 600AD
Western Indian ship 600AD
Scanned from George F. Hourani, 'Arab Seafaring in the Indian Ocean in ancient and early medieval times', Princeton N.J., Princeton University Press 1951.


chinese warship during time of Cheng Ho
Chinese warship, 15th century
Note the sternpost rudder, the oars by which the junk could be manoeuvred as a galley, and the sharpshooters in the fore and main mast crowsnests.
Photo and caption from William Willetts, 'The Maritime Adventures of Grand Eunuch Ho', Journal of Southeast Asian History, Vol.5 No.2 September 1964, p.42


european, chinese and arab ships from the Fra Mauro map 1460
European, Chinese, Indian and Arab ship drawings from the Fra Mauro map 1460.


boat, outrigger, and trading ship from Java 1598
Java sailing vessels - 1590s
A - ordinary boat carries 'billets and faggots'.
B - 'ferry' style with outriggers.
C - a loncke, a travelling/trading vessel used to transport big cargoes.
From: Cornelis Gerritsz, 'An Addition to the Sea Journal of the Hollanders unto Java', London 1598.


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